Great Advice for Succeeding in Home Business

There are so many benefits to working from home at your own home business. However, it is challenging to create a successful home business if you are not equipped with the proper information or correct advice. This article contains great advice to help you succeed at your own home business.

If your home office has enough room, create a portion of it as a separate sitting area with a couch or lounge chair. When the work you need to do does not involve the computer, utilize this relaxing space. It can help you brainstorm, spur your creativity and keep you fresh.

Try using affiliates for marketing your services and products

Trade affiliate links with others. This is mutually beneficial for both businesses. Join affiliate programs, and choose products that complement what you’re already selling. This will allow you to increase your revenue without adding any inventory or other work for yourself.

Keep a receipt of every business related expense that you incur. This information is valuable when it is time to do your taxes. Create a folder to file the receipts so that you do not lose them. Periodically put the information into a spreadsheet so that it is not overwhelming to look through at the end of the year.

Promote your home business

Examine all of the ways your home business appears in the marketplace and be sure you have a consistent message and presentation. Whether it is your business cards, web site or social media business page, keeping your messaging professional and synchronized helps you promote your business appropriately and clearly across multiple channels.

Although you may be used to working eight hours a day and then being off, you have to realize that in order for a home business to thrive more of a time commitment may be needed. Once everything is in place you will be able to relax a little.

When you are having a meeting it is important that you set a specific start and end time while you are scheduling it. Make sure that you stick to the time you scheduled. This will show others that you time is of value and you value their time as well.

Set clear boundaries

Set clear boundaries when it comes to visits from friends and family during your work hours. Explain these rules of work nicely to friends and relatives that like to drop in a little too often. If someone insists on coming while you’re working, keep them occupied in a separate room with TV, movies or magazines.

Know the risks before you start your home based business. Some of the possible risks include zoning issues, state and local tax issues, time management issues and, of course, your own financial risk. You must be sure to research these areas in relation to your specific location, lifestyle and business type in order to avoid common small home business problems.

As was discussed at the beginning of this article, many people would like to work from home in their own home business because of its many benefits. However, without the proper knowledge and information, it is extremely challenging to create a successful home business. Apply the advice in this article and be on your way to starting your own home business.…

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Getting The Most Out of The Solar Energy

Solar energy is a topic of intense interest to a great deal of individuals, though not everyone has yet got on board and started learning more about the subject. Fortunately, it just takes a bit of time and research to start understanding the true promise solar energy possesses. Keep reading to learn more.

Keep the solar panels clean

When it comes to solar energy, you must keep the solar panels clean for best results. Dirty solar panels do not allow the solar panels to absorb the maximum amount of energy. Therefore, to ensure your solar panels are running at peak performance, keep a regular maintenance and cleaning schedule.

Don’t underestimate the importance of doing business with a reputable solar panel supplier. Although it may be tempting to purchase inexpensive panels from an overseas supplier, in the long run that may not be beneficial. Try to find businesses that will still be in operation in twenty years so that spare panels for your system will be readily available.

Solar heating systems use the power from the sun to help heat your home in the Winter. This type of system is a great option for locations that do not get especially cold. Using this type of system in conjunction with your regular heating system can save you up to 50 percent of your energy costs.

Off-grid and on-grid solar energy

You should know the difference between off-grid solar energy and on-grid solar energy in order to figure out which is best for you. On-grid energy requires the use of the state’s electricity grid. On the other hand, off-grid energy means the home or business uses its own solar-hybrid or solar source.

Know how light mixes with the trees around your property. You may think you’ve got the perfect spot for a solar panel, but watch it throughout the day. The sun coming in from different angles may lead to surprising shadows from trees and foliage. This will affect your solar output.

Keeping your solar panels clean is essential to getting the most out of them. Dirty panels will not absorb the solar rays as well as clean panels will. It seems to be common sense to keep them clean, but many people assume that the rain will clean them. But they still need a thorough cleaning to keep them in optimum condition.

Your solar energy system can not only save you money, but help you make it too. If your system happens to make more energy than you need, then you can sell it to the local energy company in your area. Imagine receiving money to produce energy instead of spending money to produce the same amount of energy?

Flat as possible performance out of solar panels

To get the best performance out of your solar panels during the summer, you’ll want to adjust them to be as flat as possible. Even so, the heat during the summer months will cause a performance reduction in most solar panels. Budget for this drop in electricity generation when developing your solar energy plan.

Lots of people find the subject of solar energy to be worthy of substantial time and study. The potential of solar energy to transform many facets of our everyday lives cannot be overstated. The preceding information has demonstrated that the widespread interest in the topic is indeed warranted and has hopefully sparked additional interest in further exploration.…

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Finding a Green Energy Source with The Help of The Sun

Green energy

Green energy is something that has gained great traction of late. Residential and commercial properties both find that solar energy can help reduce electricity costs; since solar energy requires little or no maintenance, people all over the world strive to go green. The article ahead will enlighten you to the simplicity and benefits of adopting solar energy.

Cleaner water heating devices

Saving the environment can start with cleaner water-heating devices. There are many different types of cost effective water heating systems, like tankless solar powered heaters and solar water tanks. A sunny area on your roof is the optimal spot for installation.

Optimize green energy harnesses

Green energy harnesses the energy from the sun to power everything from little garden lights to huge corporations. Unlike coal and oil, the sun is a renewable energy, meaning it will never run out like other energy sources. Making the switch to solar power is a wise investment for your future.

Your home or business should receive at least five hours of direct sunlight per day to get the most from green energy. Obviously more sun is better when it comes to solar panels, however if you get less than this solar energy can still be a viable option. If you are in an area where energy bills are sky high, solar might still save you money even if you don’t have the optimal sun exposure.

While it may seem that your solar panels are always affixed to your roof permanently, the best ones permit repositioning of the angles. If you have to put in panels with fixed angles, try to position it so it will work for both winter and summer months.

Before purchasing solar panels, check the track record of the company that is selling them. Many panels come with lengthy warranty periods of up to twenty five years, but this warranty is only good if the company is still in business. Make sure to ask how long the company has been in operation and check ratings with organizations like the BBB before making your purchase.

Before you pull the trigger and buy a system, take a look at how long the manufacturer guarantees the product for. You want a fairly long warranty because the system will have to pay for itself over time and help you begin to generate a profit. Therefore, make sure the warranty is for at least 25 years.

Generating solar electricity

If you have the space and the resources, the absolutely best system for generating solar electricity is a sun tracking panel system. The sun is followed as it moves through the sky with these systems. It can be quite costly to put in one of these systems. You should start to generate a profit in a few years.

There is really no reason to even consider getting a solar energy system if you live in an area that rarely sees the sun. This does not mean that a less than reputable company will not try to sell you a solar system though. If your roof does not receive at least 6 hours of full sunlight per day. You should not consider solar power.

By now, you should be better informed about green energy. It is great to cut costs and help save the environment. Implement your newly found knowledge and benefit the environment today.…

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Green Energy Tips and Techniques from The Pros

Green Energy

Maybe you’ve watched a TV show about someone who has altered their home to use green energy, or maybe you’re just concerned about the environment and want to change your own home. Whatever your motivation, this article is a great start for anyone who wants to start using green energy today.

Do you live on a farm? If you or someone you know does, you can rent a piece of your land to a company looking to put in a wind turbine. You and your neighbors will benefit from free energy and this installation will not take a lot of space.

Check out the green power network

Check out the Green Power Network website to find out if there is a green power alternative available in your area. Consider switching to green power if there is a good service available in your area and if you can afford to. You might be able to get a tax rebate in some states.

Think outside of the box

While many people think ‘solar’ panels when they think of green energy, there are other ways to take advantage of the sun. If you are building a new home, consider incorporating passive solar design into the home. By building with materials such as concrete or adobe and taking advantage of the sun’s natural heat with south-facing windows, you can create a home that will naturally heat itself in the winter and stay cool in the summer.

If you want to have hot water, but at a lower cost, then check into solar energy. Build a hot-water system based on solar energy. Indirect or direct circulation systems are both available. Indirect systems are the best option for those who have frozen pipes during the winter.

Insulate your home

A pre-1950 home that isn’t insulated will use approximately 60 percent more energy than a house that was built after 2000. Adding sufficient insulation to your attic and basement will greatly improve your home’s energy efficiency. As well as keeping you warm in the winter, you will find that the home remains much cooler in the summer months, reducing the need for an air conditioner.

Green energy efficient improvement

It is easy to find the initiative to make your house greener when you consider the many tax refunds currently offered for green energy-efficient improvements. Be sure to keep all receipts pertaining to such improvements as the U.S. government presently lets home owners deduct costs for everything from new windows to storm doors to furnaces and insulation.

A high-efficiency furnace becomes far less efficient with a clogged, dirty filter, so change your furnace filters often. This is especially important if you use tightly-woven pleated filters, because the HVAC system must work much harder to draw in air through its tiny openings. Most filters need to be changed or cleaned at least once every 3 months.

The tips in this article are many, but they are all so easy to use that you’ll be able to implement each within your own home. Make the changes necessary and monitor the benefits you get from each, then you can select which are working and which don’t fit your needs. You’ll be energy-independent in no time!…

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Understanding Solar Energy Options – Tips And Tricks For You To Use

Solar energy is an increasingly popular technology. Anyone who owns a building can benefit from this energy source. If you don’t quite know how all this works or how you can benefit from it, read this article. This article is going to help you with staying current about solar energy.

Install panels a few at a time to break down the cost in setting up your home to operate off of solar power. There is no need to buy everything all at once, as there is much planning involved. You need to give yourself time to make adjustments and learn more as you go along.

Before purchasing solar panels, check the track record of the company that is selling them. Many panels come with lengthy warranty periods of up to twenty five years, but this warranty is only good if the company is still in business. Make sure to ask how long the company has been in operation and check ratings with organizations like the BBB before making your purchase.

You might be wondering how you can use solar energy, without having to spend a fortune. Solar energy systems can be expensive, but they can also be very affordable. Try using solar powered lights on your walkway or around your yard. You can also add solar panels slowly to your home overtime to bring down some of the costs little by little.

Although the initial cost of solar panels can be quite expensive, you need to think in terms of future savings. Once your initial investment is paid off, you will never have to be dependent on another energy company again. This is because you will get all the energy you need from the sun.

If you are building a new home, now is the time to factor in solar energy! Ask a consultant to design windows that warm your home in winter while saving you a bundle on heating. Consider planting trees for shade and leaving space in the yard for solar panels too. Building solar energy into a new home is much easier than adding it onto an old one!

No matter which solar power system you decide to use, make sure the panels are facing in the sun’s direction. The panels must be oriented so that they collect as many of the sun’s rays as possible for maximum energy production.

If you lease solar panels to save the upfront costs, check the contract for the possibility of transferring the lease. If you sell your home or building that panels are installed in within the lease period, you want to be able to legally transfer the lease to the new owners of the property.

It is crucial to speak with other homeowners who have invested in solar panels before you consider purchasing your own green energy system. Ask about price, performances and what kind of issues they ran into. You could also get some references for vendors, contractors or repairmen. Once you have your own system, do not hesitate to help other homeowners who are interested.

You probably have a few reasons about why you picked out this article to read. With any luck, this article should have answered your questions regarding solar energy. You may be certain that solar is the choice for you to save energy and money in the coming years.…

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Reasons Green Energy Is Becoming The Rage

Green energy is the future of energy technology. With the world’s population growing at an ever-increasing rate, utilizing green energy is the only way to ensure the planet’s ecological health. This article is filled with a number of great green energy tips to help you live a more environmentally-friendly life.

If you want to conserve energy, adjust your air conditioning unit so that it is set two degrees higher in the summer and two degrees lower in the winter. You will probably not be able to tell that you have changed it, but taking that step will save you on your monthly bill and bring down your carbon emissions.

Wear natural fabrics instead of always using the air conditioning during summer. Natural fabrics, such as cotton, allow skin to remain cool by drawing moisture away from skin. Light colored clothing can also help you to feel cooler.

Start small. Even if you don’t have the resources for a large-scale green energy project, there are still steps you can take. For example, solar chargers for small electronics generally only require the device to be set near a window for a few hours. Don’t underestimate the power of a small step.

When shopping for new appliances, choose the ones where the energy star rating is in the most efficient range. Even if you cannot afford new appliances, you can choose new parts for your old appliances that are much more efficient and will help your old appliances save money and energy like new ones.

Turn your computer off when you are not using it. This includes anything connected to the computer, such as the printer. When these are on, even if in hibernate mode, they are drawing electricity. When you are done browsing or working, turn off the computer and turn off the strip plug to save electrical energy.

Try sealing gaps underneath your doors and windows during the summer and winter. This can prevent the warm or cool air from outside from entering your home, which will help keep your home at a good temperature all year. You could also try putting in rugs to provide more insulation to your floorboards.

Don’t throw away that coffee grinds- use them to fertilize your plants. Coffee grinds are rich in nitrogen so these make great, healthy plant food. Using coffee grinds as fertilizer keeps them out of the landfill, makes it unnecessary for you to purchase and use chemical plant food, and make your plants grow nicely, adding oxygen to the atmosphere.

Turn off all appliances. When not using appliances in your home, make it a habit to turn them off when not in use. Items such as televisions, computers, and lights should all be off so you can prevent unwanted energy use. Not only is this good for using less energy, your electric bill will be much less too!

As was stated earlier in this article, the utilization of environmentally-friendly, green energy is the future of energy technology. Knowing the right ways to use this technology is very important and will ensure that you receive all of the many benefits that green technology has to offer. Apply what you’ve learned from this article, in order to go green today.…

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How to Unclog a Drain

When the toilet starts bubbling or your sink won’t drain, your first move might be to search for “plumbers near me” and hope someone can get to your house quickly. Although calling a plumber is always the best choice, sometimes you just can’t wait a day or two to fix the problem. In this situation, it can be extremely helpful to know a few tips about unclogging drains so you don’t have an overflowing toilet out of order for more than a few hours.

Any Drain

Although the plunger has been made synonymous with bathroom plumbing problems, it can actually be a handy tool in any room of your house. If you have a mysterious clog that’s preventing water from draining, the first step is to take a plunger to the drain and see if it solves the problems. This goes for toilets, sinks, and tubs; a plunger can take on all types of drains.

Sink

If your sink is clogged and the plunger doesn’t help, you can always take apart the U-shaped pipe underneath to see if you can locate the clog. Make sure to place a bucket under the pipe when you unscrew it so any water left in it won’t fall straight to your floor. Use a flashlight to look inside both ends, and if you see any debris or the source of the clog, you can easily clear it out and replace the pipe.

Bathtub

Long hairs love to nestle into your tub drain, which means you may need to use a snake to shake them loose and clear the blockage. You can get simple snakes from most home improvement stores that might ease the problem enough until a plumber can completely clear it.

If a plumber is a few days away, don’t wait to regain use of your house. Try these tips to clear drains!…

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The Benefits Of Going Green With Energy

You might think it takes a lot of specialized knowledge about technology to use green energy technology. However, you don’t need to become a technology expert to use green energy technology in your home. You just need some basic information about how to use this technology to save energy. Read on for some tips.

To help you use more green energy in your day to day life, contact your current energy or electricity provider to see if they offer a renewable-energy alternative. Many energy companies are beginning to offer environmentally sound, even higher priced energy services to cater to more socially conscious individuals.

During the summer time, you should consider drying your clothes using the sun as opposed to using the dryer. Your clothing will have a great smell from the sun. They will smell better than anything coming out of a dryer. As well, you save quite a bit on monthly utility costs.

If your property has a small stream running through it, you can install a micro hydropower system. These systems divert a small amount of the water through a turbine or wheel, providing energy that can be used to light and heat your home. If the flow is strong enough, you can power multiple homes on one of these systems.

If you live in a sunny area, you could generate your own energy. Invest in PV cells and have a professional install them on your roof. You should have your needs in electricity assessed by a professional to make sure your solar installation will provide enough power for your home.

Simply cleaning or changing the filter on your furnace can cut electricity costs significantly. Too much dirt or dust built up in the vents can make more heat necessary to warm the house. It only takes a short amount of time to clean these, and you will notice the change in your bills!

A great tip for green energy use is to ensure that your home is properly insulated and has a high R value with the insulation. The best insulation has a higher R value. Not only will you save energy, but the additional insulation will keep out excessive noise from outside your home.

When implementing a solar energy system, put the batteries as close to the cells as possible. By doing so, energy loss through the cable is reduced. It will also minimize the possibility of a cable shading out the cells and lowering their generation capability.

Measure the prevailing wind speed on your property before considering a wind generator. In order for wind energy to be cost-effective, you need a wind speed greater than 8.5 to 9 MPH at least sixty percent of the time. Any slower, and the turbine won’t spin fast enough to generate much electricity.

After reading this article, you can see that green energy technology isn’t so hard to implement. You just need some basic knowledge like this to help you. Use the tips from this article to help you make your home more green, so that you can save energy.…

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Thinking About Solar Power? You Should Read This

The promise of solar energy is something that far too many individuals have overlooked in recent years. However, the simple cure for that situation is knowledge. By spending some time acquiring detailed information about what solar energy can do for you, it is possible to start making smart decisions about concrete ways in which solar energy can improve your life.

Are your energy bills getting a little out of control these days? If you are tired of paying costly energy bills then it is time to switch to solar energy. It might cost a little more upfront, but will ultimately end up saving you a ton of money in the long run.

Having a pool is a luxury that is becoming unaffordable for many families. Have you watched the past couple summers pass by, without opening up the pool? Switching your system over to renewable solar energy can help make it possible to keep enjoying your pool, without the high energy bill each month.

Once your solar-powered system has generated energy, how will you store it? A quality battery is something that you should look into to facilitate proper storage.

To help keep your solar energy panels running efficiently, keep a record of your solar panels performance. On this record, note when the days are overcast and how much energy your panels produced. This will help you plan your energy consumption better. For example, if the forecast is cloudy, then you should wait to do household chores that use a lot of energy.

When using solar power, you do not have to worry about harming the environment in any way. Fossil fuels send harmful greenhouse gases off into the atmosphere, and they contribute to global warming and climate change. However, solar cells have no impact on the environment and are safe to use.

Get online to find your local Internet solar panel community. You can find out good information about peaks and lows in solar energy use in your area. If you get particularly adept at getting on a roof to clean your solar panels, you might can even market yourself and make a few bucks off other solar panel owners afraid of heights.

There is really no reason to even consider getting a solar energy system if you live in an area that rarely sees the sun. This does not mean that a less than reputable company will not try to sell you a solar system though. If your roof does not receive at least 6 hours of full sunlight per day, you should not consider solar power.

You can save money on your heating bill by installing solar photovoltaic panels on your home or utilizing solar water heating. Five hours of sunlight will lead to the best power output. Solar water heating can significantly reduce your heating costs, especially if you have a swimming pool that you heat up.

Lots of people have yet to fully appreciate the true potential solar energy offers. Fortunately, with some simple, factual information, that dilemma can easily be solved. Hopefully the article above has given you the sort of foundation of understanding necessary to continue a personal exploration of how you might integrate solar technologies into your lifestyle.…

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3 Systems to Test Regularly at Your Company

As a business owner, you know that you can’t just purchase equipment and then assume that it will work forever. Instead, you need to perform regular tests for quality, especially with these types of equipment.

1. Pipes

Pipes carry water around your building, and they also may transport chemicals and steam, depending on your line of work. These must be regularly inspected for leaks, which quickly cause devastating damage. Additionally, you should have them undergo a proof pressure test at least once a year. If you’re looking for a proof pressure test definition, it’s a process in which a professional uses water and gases to ensure that a part is still sound.

2. Fire Alarms

You cannot afford for your fire alarm to be out of business. The best fire alarms call the fire department as soon as they detect smoke. This is particularly important if you do not have someone at your office around the clock. Test the alarm every three months, and replace its batteries every six months. If someone accidentally bumps into an alarm and breaks it, have it replaced immediately.

3. Water Purification Systems

Every building that your company owns should have running water, both for drinking and hygiene purposes. However, you need to make sure that the water you receive from your local treatment plant is clean and free of lead and other heavy metals. Once a year, have an inspector test your water to ensure that it is safe to drink. If necessary, install filtration systems on the top of each faucet and provide jugs of drinking water for your employees.

To make sure your company continues to operate at its most productive level, you must take care of your equipment. This means installing it properly and then testing all your systems regularly. That way, you can catch minor problems before they become major expenses.…

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An Introduction to Combustible Dust and the Industries that Produce it

Workplace hazards come in so many forms that it is difficult to keep track of them all in a manufacturing facility, but we need to be able to do that all the same. Fortunately, not every health and environmental hazard is common to every industry, so a thorough knowledge of the specific sector that one is working in should be sufficient in keeping everyone connected to the facility safe. Our focus today is going to be on combustible dust, because it deserves more attention than it gets most of the time.

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A Basic Introduction to Combustible Dust

Theoretically and practically, any fine or coarse dust which can catch fire upon ignition can be considered as an example of combustible dust. It should be noted that combustible dust can often be explosive in nature, although that is not a mandatory criterion for the particles to be classified as such. Not to be confused with gaseous ignition hazards such as methane, all combustible dust is solid in nature.

Examples of Combustible Dust

As per the official definition explained above, combustible dust particles can be generated from nearly all organic and certain inorganic industrial products. Examples of core materials that produce the ignitable dust particles include, but are most certainly not limited to:

  • Wood
  • Coal
  • Rubber
  • Fabric
  • Eggs
  • Starch
  • Dust and pesticides from agricultural produce (grains, sugar, etc.)
  • Sulphur
  • Certain variants of plastic

Industries that Produce Hazardous Combustible Dust

The list would be too long if we were to include every industry that produces at least some degree of ignitable, solid dust as a byproduct. Instead of stretching the list unnecessarily, we will focus on industries that produce dangerously combustible dust particles the most. Consider the following examples as a guiding reference above all else:

Agriculture – Farms, farming fields, animal farms, granaries, food processing plants, agricultural produce packaging facilities, the pesticide industry, etc. all create ignitable dust

Pharmaceuticals and Chemical Plants – From the regular OTC meds and controlled prescription drugs, to industrial-grade cleaners and household disinfectants; most pharmaceutical products create massive amounts of combustible dust as byproducts during manufacturing. In fact, these companies also produce the highest amount of explosive dust.

Metal Processing – Magnesium, zinc, carbon, iron and most other metals are incendiary, so it is only natural for the dust from these processing units to also be highly combustible as a result.

Preventing Fires and Explosions in Industrial Facilities and Farms

It is difficult, but not impossible to control both the spread and on-spot ignition of combustible and explosive dust particles from manufacturing/processing units. There are several measures of course, but the most important equipment is a combustible dust vacuum. These industrial vacuum cleaners are specially designed to safely collect all types of combustible dust particles before they can spread or ignite. The combustible dust vacuum is now considered to be a mandatory device across multiple industries that produce the aforementioned particles in the highest quantity.

It is hoped that more companies in these segments will acknowledge the explosive dangers that combustible dust poses to the surrounding environment and the production units themselves. With the proper precautions in place, it is possible to avoid tragic and financially disastrous accidents from either happening in the first place, or at least bringing down their impact and frequency to a great extent.…

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The Scientific Side of Permanent Markers

For a lot of professionals who use permanent markers or “Sharpie,” one of the biggest questions is how this thing works. Why are these permanent markers staying permanently? The science behind this technological marvel, usually overlooked, involves three main ingredients: resin, carrier, and colorant. With the right combinations, these ingredients make “Sharpie” or permanent marker work.

Definition

While its definition sounds pretty obvious, it is not. Usually, these markers need to meet two qualifications to be considered as a permanent marker: it needs to use pigments or dyes, and it needs to adhere to all surfaces, as well as water-resistant.

According to experts, writing using this device can be expected to last at least three to four months, and several years at most. Although people might use this every day, there is a big chance that people are hard-pressed to explain how it works. This device contains common ingredients that make up regular markers.

These components dictate how the device interact to deliver a clean and reliable line. Always remember that its lasting effect is usually a misnomer as most devices labeled as everlasting are not light-fast unless it is marked explicitly by manufacturers as archival markers.

How inks are made? Check out this site for more info.

What do these things consist of?

These pens are hallowed plastic tubes that are airtight, with a single opening at its tip. These tubes encase a long stick of sponge-like and porous material, which sticks slightly out of its opening (also called the tip). The absorbent material inside is saturated with permanent ink as it drains or evaporates from the exposed tip. Its siphoning effect will draw the fluid from the inside, out of its tip. The ink is composed of three ingredients: resin, solvent, and colorant.

Colorant

Colorants are pigments or dyes that give these fluids its unique color. Whether pink, yellow, neon, red, blue, black, or any other hue, colorants is what we see when we look at lines made by the device. The main difference between pigments and dyes is that pigments are usually water-insoluble or a non-polar solvent, while dyes are water-soluble.

The pigment is a non-polar solvent unless it is ground to very fine dust. Because of the powder’s property, they are usually the favored colorant choice for these devices, given their resistance to humidity dissolution and other environmental agents.

Solvent

This is the key to making an excellent broad, felt-tip pens; without the solvent to transport and dissolve colorant, as well as the ink resin through the small sponge, these pens will not work. Although water is a polar solvent, these solvents need to be non-polar to break down resins and colorants, which are usually non-polar.

Traditionally, manufacturers use xylene, but because of health hazards, they switched to lesser toxic component like isopropanol and ethanol, since children are starting to use these items for school-related activities. Once the liquid ink us applied to the surface, solvents automatically evaporate, leaving only the resin and colorant.

Resin

These are glue-like polymer. Inks made of resin make sure that the colorant sticks to the surface once the it evaporates. If the ink is only made of solvent and colorant, the colorant will turn to powder and fall on the surface as soon as the solvent component evaporated or dried. While ink made of this component is naturally very sticky, the solvent will keep it fluid and free inside the sealed plastic tube.

Differences

The difference between non-permanent and permanent market rest on its resin component; broad, felt-tip pen has resins that non-polar. It does not dissolve in water. That is why, if the ink with a non-polar component gets on a surface, it will stay there permanently. But if you use chemicals like acetone, a non-polar solvent, instead of water, it will dissolve the resin and remove the mark.

On the other hand, non-permanent ones use ink made with resin that is water-soluble or readily dissolves in water. Not only that, but permanent markers may also use specific dyes and pigments that are not water-soluble or do not dissolve easily in water.

Removal

While removing these ink sounds like very contradicting, there are ways to remove it. Non-solvent chemicals like acetone, as well as alcohol, will remove it from both porous and non-porous materials. A lot of household items like hair spray or deodorant contain alcohol and can be used to remove these inks.

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